Head Injury

Head injury is an injury to the brain that causes a brief and partial loss of consciousness. All head injuries are potentially serious and require proper assessment because they can result in impaired consciousness. Injuries may be associated with damage to the brain tissue or blood vessels inside the skull, or with a skull fracture.
A head injury may produce concussion, which is a brief period of unconsciousness followed by complete recovery. Some head injuries may produce compression of the brain (cerebral compression), which is life-threatening.

A head injury should alert you to the risk of deeper, underlying damage, such as a skull fracture,    which may be serious. Bleeding inside the skull may also occur and lead to compression. Clear fluid or watery blood leaking from the ear or nose are signs of serious injury. Any casualty with an injury to the head should be assumed to have a neck (spinal) injury.

Signs and symptoms of Head Injuries
  • Scalp wound
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Fractures
  • Nasal discharge
  • Swelling and bruising
  • Loss of teeth
  • Stiff neck

Causes of Head Injuries
  • Brain shaking (concussion)
  • Loss of memory
  • Dizziness – pressure on the brain (compression)
  • Violent blow at the head
  • Heavy knock of the head at wall or floor. It is common in children.

Treatment of Head Injuries
  • Place the casualty in the recovery position. Monitor and record breathing, pulse and level of consciousness every ten minutes.
  • Treat any visible wound on the head (if there is any)
  • If unconscious, carry out the process of DRABCD
  • Seek medical aid.

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