Nobel Prize 2018 in Physiology or Medicine

The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded jointly to James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo “for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation.”
Checkpoint therapy has now revolutionized cancer treatment and fundamentally changed the way how cancer can be managed.

Arthur Ashkin, Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland Win 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics
Arthur Ashkin, Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland won the 2018 Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday for “for groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics.”

The physics prize honours researchers for discoveries in phenomena as enormous as The Big Bang and as tiny as single particles of light. Ashkin, of the U.S., was awarded the half the prize, and Mourou and Strickland, of France and Canada, respectively, were jointly awarded the other half.

The $1.01 million prize, which can be shared by as many as three people, is decided by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Nobel Prize  2018 in Chemistry

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has awarded the 2018 Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018 with one half to Frances H Arnold and the other half jointly to George P Smith and Sir Gregory P Winter for their work in evolution and phages.

The methods developed are now being internationally developed to promote a greener chemicals industry, produce new materials, manufacture sustainable biofuels, mitigate disease and save lives.

Nobel Peace Prize 2018 Won by Denis Mukwege and Nadia Mura
The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2018 to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict.

Denis Mukwege is a gynecologist who has treated victims of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Nadia Murad is a Yazidi human rights activist and survivor of sexual slavery by Isis in Iraq.